Leg hair loss won’t seem like much of an issue, but its cause needs to be pinned down. It may be due to a fungal infection, low adrenal function, having a lot iron in the body, something as benign as aging or something as serious as peripheral artery disease (PAD) or drop in blood flow as a result of diabetes. A person who’s experiencing leg hair loss should see a doctor to find the cause.
Serious health risks come together with leg hair loss that is an indication of a serious problem with circulation similar to PAD or a drop in blood flow on account of diabetes. Inadequate circulation is a serious health issue that needs to be treated by a doctor, advises the Mayo Clinic, because it puts people at risk for stroke or heart attack. People can also have open sores that don’t heal with PAD, especially if also diabetic. In extreme cases this will result in gangrene. Having too much iron in the body is also risky, as it could lead to diabetes, cirrhosis of the liver, arthritis, hormone issues and other problems, advises Life Extension. Adrenal issues may indicate the autoimmune disease Addison’s, advises Merck. Underactive adrenals put out inadequate amounts of the entire adrenal hormones, affecting the body’s balance of water, potassium and sodium and the body’s ability to react to stress and control blood pressure. Untreated Addison’s can lead to low blood pressure, kidney failure and even death.
PAD also may be indicated by coldness in a leg or foot, changes in color to a leg, changes in toenails, leg numbness or cramping within the leg, in accordance with the Mayo Clinic. Hair loss as a consequence of a skin condition equivalent to a fungal infection or seborrheic dermatitis won’t necessarily be accompanied by a red rash, but there could also be light areas of skin or mild scaling in the realm of hair loss. Skin scrapings might should be microscopically evaluated for proper diagnosis, advises Med Help. The onset of Addison’s includes such symptoms as weakness, dizziness or tiredness upon standing, patches of dark skin, weight loss or dehydration, appetite loss, intolerance of cold and sometimes muscle aches, in response to Merck. Addison’s is tough to pin down. Doctors often measure cortisol levels and do blood tests to examine sodium and potassium levels. Iron levels also are measured with a blood test. The primary symptoms of getting too much iron in the body can include weakness, fatigue, changes in skin color with grayish areas, thirst and abdominal pain. People with a lot iron often have an enlarged liver.
PAD will sometimes require surgical treatment, but also could also be treated with medications to lower cholesterol or high blood pressure, control blood sugar, prevent clots or with a drug called cilostazol that increases blood flow to limbs. However, people often can manage PAD symptoms through exercise, a healthy diet and by halting smoking, in accordance with the Mayo Clinic. Diabetes likewise may be managed with these lifestyle changes in some cases, or may require medicine to regulate blood sugar. Addison’s disease can be treated with intravenous fluids and corticosteroids. Many people need fludrocortisone tablets each day. Treatment for Addison’s should be ongoing for life, in response to Merck. Treatment of iron overload involves therapeutic phlebotomy, which suggests removal of red blood cells via blood transfusion, or chelation through which an individual takes a drug like deferoxamine that binds to excess free iron. Skin issues like seborrheic dermatitis are treated topically with substances similar to selenium sulfide, pyrithione zinc or with topical corticosteroids, in line with American Family Physician.
Regular exercise, eating a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle choices equivalent to not smoking, not drinking excess alcohol or caffeine and controlling stress will help prevent serious conditions that lead to leg hair loss, including PAD and diabetes. Consuming enough omega-3 fatty acids akin to those found in flaxseed oil and fish like salmon and mackerel can do a world of excellent, advises the Mayo Clinic, because they help reduce inflammation within the body.
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